E-cigarettes, also referred to as electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), are battery-powered devices that provide doses of nicotine and other additives to the user in an aerosol. In addition to e-cigarettes, ENDS products include personal vaporizers, vape pens, e-cigars, e-hookah and vaping devices. According to the CDC, e-cigarettes are not safe for youth, young adults, pregnant people or adults who do not currently use tobacco products.
- NOT regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
- NOT approved by the FDA as a cessation aid
The long-term health effects of e-cigarettes are unknown. Most e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which has known health effects (CDC):
- Nicotine is highly addictive.
- Nicotine is toxic to developing fetuses.
- Nicotine can harm adolescent brain development, which continues into the early to mid-20s.
- Nicotine is a health danger for pregnant women and their developing babies.