Quit Medication Information

The most commonly used form of quit medications is nicotine replacement therapy, including over-the-counter patches, gum and lozenges.

NICOTINE REPLACEMENT THERAPY QUIT MEDICATIONS

PATCHES

Place on the skin. Ideal for long-lasting craving relief. Gradually releases nicotine into the bloodstream.

GUM

Chew to release nicotine. Helpful way to reduce cravings. Allows users to control their dosage.

LOZENGES

Placed in the mouth like hard candy. Offers the same benefits of gum without chewing.

If patients want to use patches and gum or lozenges, there are three options for how to get them, how much can be received and what it costs.

  1. Sign up with 802Quits and get up to 8 weeks of FREE patches PLUS gum or lozenges. Learn More.
  2. If your patient has Medicaid and a prescription, they will receive 16 weeks of gum or lozenges PLUS patches.
  3. If your patient has other medical insurance, they may have access to free or discounted NRT with a prescription.

Check to see if your patients are eligible for free nicotine replacement therapy via 802Quits or their insurance. Review this chart with your patient on nicotine replacement therapy by program.

PHARMACOTHERAPY

In addition to nicotine replacement therapy, varenicline and bupropion have demonstrated efficacy as smoking cessation aids. The likelihood of a successful quit attempt is increased if counseling is provided along with medications.

PRESCRIPTION-ONLY QUIT MEDICATIONS

INHALER

Cartridge attached to a mouthpiece. Inhaling releases a specific amount of nicotine.

NASAL SPRAY

Pump bottle containing nicotine. Similar to an inhaler, the spray releases a specific amount of nicotine.

ZYBAN® (BUPROPION)

Can be helpful in reducing cravings and withdrawal symptoms, such as anxiety and irritability. May be used in combination with nicotine replacement therapy products like patches, gum and lozenges.

CHANTIX™ (VARENICLINE)

Reduces the severity of cravings and withdrawal symptoms—does not contain nicotine. Lessens sense of pleasure from tobacco. Should not be combined with other medications.

If you are on medication for depression and/or anxiety, consult your doctor.

The items above are available by prescription only. Zyban® and Chantix™ are covered by Medicaid. Review the AHRQ’s Clinical Guidelines for Prescribing Pharmacotherapy for Smoking Cessation.

OTHER MEDICATION RESOURCES